Protective Clothing Market Analysis And In Depth Research On Latest Trends, Emerging Growth Factors And Forecast To 2027https://www.fortunebusines...
As per study by Fortune Business Insights™, the global protective clothing industry share is anticipated to be driven by the rising government norms worldwide to maintain workplace safety, especially in the manufacturing, food processing, construction, healthcare, and chemical industries. Also, the increasing cases of accidental injuries and mortalities would affect the market positively. The study further states that the protective clothing market size was USD 12.48 billion in 2019 and is projected to reach USD 34.31 billion by 2027, exhibiting a CAGR of 14% during the forecast period.

Regional Analysis-

North America to Dominate Fueled by Strict Laws by OSHA Regarding Workers’ Safety

The market is regionally categorized into the Middle East and Africa, Latin America, Asia Pacific, Eu

The global Refinery Catalyst Industry Share size is expected to gain momentum by reaching USD 5.84 Billion by 2028 while exhibiting a CAGR of 3.8% between 2021 to 2028. In its report titled "Refinery Catalyst Market, 2021-2028," Fortune Business Insights mentions that the market stood at USD 4.38 billion in 2020.https://www.fortunebusines...

The increasing investment in research & development, technologies, and capacity expansion in the refinery sector is expected to drive the market during the forecast period. For instance, in September 2020, Clariant started constructing refining materials in China to produce CATOFIN, required in propane dehydrogenation. The company invested a major amount in China, which is likely to support the customer base in the local region.

Market Segmentation:

By type, the market is divided into zeolites, metallic, and chemical compounds.

By application, it is segmented into FCC, alkylat

Ready Mix Concrete Market 2021 Business Scenario | Top Players, Top Regions, SWOT, PESTEL by 2028https://www.fortunebusines...
The global ready-mix concrete industry share is expected to gain traction from the crucial efforts undertaken by prominent manufacturers to curb the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG). To do so, they are frequently surging the percentage of additives in ready-mix concrete, such as slag or fly ash for improving energy efficiency and reducing the consumption of ordinary Portland cement. This information is given by Fortune Business Insights™ in a recent report, titled, “Ready-Mix Concrete Market Size, Share & Industry Analysis, By Application (Residential, Commercial, Infrastructure, and Others), and Regional Forecast, 2020-2027.” The report further mentions that this market size was USD 633.4 billion in 2019 and is projected to reach USD 1,227.2 billion by 2027, exhibiting a CAGR of 8.7% during the forecast period.

North America Hot Melt Adhesives Market Development Factor, Regional Analysis, Industry Overview and Forecast by 2029https://www.fortunebusines...

The North America hot melt adhesives industry size stood at USD 1.86 billion in 2021. The market is anticipated to surge from USD 1.98 billion in 2022 to USD 2.80 billion by 2029 at a 5.1% CAGR during the forecast period. Fortune Business Insights™ has elucidated these insights in its latest research report, titled, “North America Hot Melt Adhesives Market, 2022-2029.”

According to the analysis, hot melt adhesives (HMAs) will be highly sought-after for manufacturing solid materials based on thermal polymers. Prominently, expanding the packaging and construction sector will augur well for the regional growth. For instance, HMAs have become trendier to maintain storage space in the automotive sector amidst soaring demand for pressure-sensitive adhesives.

Report Coverage

The r

Bio-based Chemicals Market Share, Size, Future Growth, Applications, Future Technology and Segmental Analysis By 2028https://www.fortunebusines...
The global Bio-based chemicals industry size amounted to USD 73.16 billion in 2020. The market is predicted to grow from USD 77.10 billion in 2021 to USD 144.63 billion in 2028 at a CAGR of 9.4% during the forecast period. The increasing consumption of Bio-based solutions to ensure environmental sustainability will propel the market forward during the projected timeframe, states Fortune Business Insights in its report titled “Bio-based Chemicals Market, 2021-2028."

Bio-based chemicals are derived from Bio-based sources such as sugar, corn, biodegradable waste, cellulosic feedstock, or biomass. The demand for these chemicals is rising across several industries including food & beverage, pharmaceutical, automotive, textiles, and others. This rise in demand is due to deple

Bioplastics Market : Report Highlights the Competitive Scenario with Impact of Drivers And Challenges 2026https://www.fortunebusines...
The global bioplastics industry share size is expected to experience exponential growth by reaching USD 15,552.3 million by 2028 while exhibiting a CAGR of 10.7% between 2021 and 2028. Fortune Business Insights in its latest report, titled, “Bioplastics Market, 2021-2028.”, mentions that the market stood at USD 7,043.9 million in 2020. Factors such as the increasing demand for eco-friendly plastics across packaging industry and the rising concerns over non-degradable plastic waste are expected to drive the product’s demand in the forthcoming years.

Postponement of Green Investment by Government amid COVID-19 to Hamper Growth

According to Capgemini Research Institute, out of the 300 large energy companies surveyed in October 2020, 37% planned to postpone investments in low-carbon projects and i

Nanocomposites Market Size, Future Growth Explored in Latest Research Report by 2027https://www.fortunebusines...
The global nanocomposites industry size is projected to reach USD 14.34 billion by the end of 2027. The increasing applications of the product across diverse industry verticals will emerge in favor of market growth. The presence of several large-scale companies will contribute to the growth of the market in the coming years. According to a report published by Fortune Business Insights, titled “Nanocomposites Market Size, Share & COVID-19 Impact Analysis, By Type (Polymer, Metal, Ceramic, Others), By Product (Carbon Nanotubes, Nanoclay, Graphene, Nanofiber, Others), By Application (Packaging, Electrical & Electronics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense, Others), and Regional Forecast, 2020-2027” the market was worth USD 4.32 billion in 2019 and will exhibit a CAGR of 16.3% during the forecast period, 2020-2027.

Increasing Number of C

Liquid Waste Management Market Key Drivers, Industry Size, Regional Investments and Top Segments Data till 2026
The global liquid waste management industry is predicted to reach USD 85.02 billion by 2026, exhibiting a CAGR of 3.3% during the forecast period. The rising population around the world has led to a necessity for efficient liquid waste management, which, in turn, will bolster healthy growth of the market in the forthcoming years. As per the United Nations study, the world population is expected to reach 8.5 billion by 2030, 9.7 billion by 2050 and surpasses 11 billion by 2100. Moreover, the ongoing projects for water treatment plants in the developing nations will subsequently accelerate the liquid waste management market revenue in the forthcoming years, mentioned a report, the market size stood at USD 65.93 billion in 2018.

Competitive Landscape:

Expansion of Xylem’s Technological Hub to Boost Business Prospects

Xylem Inc., a leading American water technology comp

Pharmaceutical Glass Packaging Market : Report Highlights the Competitive Scenario with Impact of Drivers And Challenges 2027https://www.fortunebusines...
The global pharmaceutical glass packaging industry share is set to gain momentum from the increasing development of new types of glasses owing to the high demand from the pharmaceutical industry. This information is given by Fortune Business Insights™ in a new study, titled, “Pharmaceutical Glass Packaging Market Size, Share & Industry Analysis, By Product (Vials & Ampoules, Bottles, Cartridges, and Syringes), By Drug Type (Generic, Branded, and Biologic), and Regional Forecast, 2020-2027.” The study further mentions that the pharmaceutical glass packaging market size was USD 6.31 billion in 2019 and is projected to reach USD 10.76 billion by 2027, exhibiting a CAGR of 6.3% during the forecast period.

Drivers & Restraints-

Rising Awareness of Health to Favor Growth

Th

Acetone Market Share 2020 Growth Rate, Future Trends, Opportunities with Covid-19 Impact till 2028https://www.fortunebusines...
The global acetone industry share is expected to gain momentum from the high demand for petrochemicals and chemicals from several end-use industries. This information is given by Fortune Business Insights™ in a new study, titled, “Acetone Market Size, Share & COVID-19 Impact Analysis, By Application (Solvent, Bisphenol A (BPA), Methyl Methacrylate (MMA), and Others), By End-use (Paints & Coatings, Plastic, Automotive, Adhesives, Pharmaceuticals, Cosmetics, Electrical & Electronics, and Others), and Regional Forecast, 2020-2027.” The study further mentions that the acetone market size was USD 3,962.0 million in 2019 and is projected to reach USD 4,995.3 million by 2027, exhibiting a CAGR of 3.7% during the forecast period.

COVID-19 Pandemic to Affect Growth Backed by Ongoing Crude Oil Price War

The COVID-19 pandemic has ne

Liquid Waste Management Market Key Drivers, Industry Size, Regional Investments and Top Segments Data till 2026https://www.fortunebusines...
The global liquid waste management industry is predicted to reach USD 85.02 billion by 2026, exhibiting a CAGR of 3.3% during the forecast period. The rising population around the world has led to a necessity for efficient liquid waste management, which, in turn, will bolster healthy growth of the market in the forthcoming years. As per the United Nations study, the world population is expected to reach 8.5 billion by 2030, 9.7 billion by 2050 and surpasses 11 billion by 2100. Moreover, the ongoing projects for water treatment plants in the developing nations will subsequently accelerate the liquid waste management market revenue in the forthcoming years, mentioned a report, the market size stood at USD 65.93 billion in 2018.

Competitive Landscape:

Expansion of Xylem’s Technological Hub to Boo

Nanocomposites Market Size, Future Growth Explored in Latest Research Report by 2027https://www.fortunebusines...
The global nanocomposites market size is projected to reach USD 14.34 billion by the end of 2027. The increasing applications of the product across diverse industry verticals will emerge in favor of market growth. The presence of several large-scale companies will contribute to the growth of the market in the coming years. According to a report published by Fortune Business Insights, titled “Nanocomposites Market Size, Share & COVID-19 Impact Analysis, By Type (Polymer, Metal, Ceramic, Others), By Product (Carbon Nanotubes, Nanoclay, Graphene, Nanofiber, Others), By Application (Packaging, Electrical & Electronics, Automotive, Aerospace & Defense, Others), and Regional Forecast, 2020-2027” the market was worth USD 4.32 billion in 2019 and will exhibit a CAGR of 16.3% during the forecast period, 2020-2027.

Increasing Number of Com

Bioplastics Market 2019-2026 Size, Share, Global Development, Revenue, Future Analysis, Business Prospectshttps://www.fortunebusines...
The global bioplastics industry share size is expected to experience exponential growth by reaching USD 15,552.3 million by 2028 while exhibiting a CAGR of 10.7% between 2021 and 2028. Fortune Business Insights in its latest report, titled, “Bioplastics Market, 2021-2028.”, mentions that the market stood at USD 7,043.9 million in 2020. Factors such as the increasing demand for eco-friendly plastics across packaging industry and the rising concerns over non-degradable plastic waste are expected to drive the product’s demand in the forthcoming years.

Postponement of Green Investment by Government amid COVID-19 to Hamper Growth

According to Capgemini Research Institute, out of the 300 large energy companies surveyed in October 2020, 37% planned to postpone investments in low-carbon projects and i

Bio-based Chemicals Market Analysis By Key Players, Share, Revenue, Trends, Size, Growth, Opportunities, and Regional Forecast To 2028https://www.fortunebusines...
The global Bio-based chemicals industry size amounted to USD 73.16 billion in 2020. The market is predicted to grow from USD 77.10 billion in 2021 to USD 144.63 billion in 2028 at a CAGR of 9.4% during the forecast period. The increasing consumption of Bio-based solutions to ensure environmental sustainability will propel the market forward during the projected timeframe, states Fortune Business Insights in its report titled “Bio-based Chemicals Market, 2021-2028."

Bio-based chemicals are derived from Bio-based sources such as sugar, corn, biodegradable waste, cellulosic feedstock, or biomass. The demand for these chemicals is rising across several industries including food & beverage, pharmaceutical, automotive, textiles, and others. This rise in demand is due to depleting pe

North America Hot Melt Adhesives Market Qualitative Assessment by detailed segmentation during the forecast period 2021 to 2029
https://www.fortunebusines...
The North America hot melt adhesives Industry share size stood at USD 1.86 billion in 2021. The market is anticipated to surge from USD 1.98 billion in 2022 to USD 2.80 billion by 2029 at a 5.1% CAGR during the forecast period. Fortune Business Insights™ has elucidated these insights in its latest research report, titled, “North America Hot Melt Adhesives Market, 2022-2029.”

According to the analysis, hot melt adhesives (HMAs) will be highly sought-after for manufacturing solid materials based on thermal polymers. Prominently, expanding the packaging and construction sector will augur well for the regional growth. For instance, HMAs have become trendier to maintain storage space in the automotive sector amidst soaring demand for pressure-sensitive adhesives.

Report C

Plastic Compounding Market Latest Industry Trends, COVID 19 Impact Analysis, Key Drivers and Future Demand Forecast by 2026
https://www.fortunebusines... global plastic compounding industry share size is set to gain traction from their increasing usage in the automotive and packaging industry. Besides, construction activities in emerging economies are increasing at a fast pace. In addition to that, ongoing technological advancements in the electrical and automotive industries would affect the market positively in the coming years. The demand for these products is also growing from the food and beverage industry as they help in reducing quality degradation and contamination.

As per the report, the plastic compounding market size stood at USD 52.74 billion in 2018. It is set to reach USD 87.11 billion by 2026, thereby exhibiting a CAGR of 6.5% during the forecast period.

Automotive & Transportation Segment to Hold the Highest Share Ba

Refinery Catalyst Market Size, Trends, Analysis, Revenue, Business Prospects, Outlook and Global Forecast 2028
https://www.fortunebusines...
The globalRefinery Catalyst Industry share size is expected to gain momentum by reaching USD 5.84 Billion by 2028 while exhibiting a CAGR of 3.8% between 2021 to 2028. In its report titled "Refinery Catalyst Market, 2021-2028," Fortune Business Insights mentions that the market stood at USD 4.38 billion in 2020.

The increasing investment in research & development, technologies, and capacity expansion in the refinery sector is expected to drive the market during the forecast period. For instance, in September 2020, Clariant started constructing refining materials in China to produce CATOFIN, required in propane dehydrogenation. The company invested a major amount in China, which is likely to support the customer base in the local region.

By application, it is segmented into FCC, a

Antimicrobial Coatings Market Research with Key Success Factors, Growth Trends and Forecast 2021-2028 https://www.fortunebusines...
The global antimicrobial coatings industry size is predicted to reach USD 8,650.7 Million by 2027, exhibiting a CAGR of 11.5% during the forecast period. The rising awareness regarding the advantages of active ingredients found in antimicrobial coatings to prevent microbial growth in the wall, door handles and other indoor objects will accelerate the antimicrobial coatings market growth, states Fortune Business Insights in a report, titled Antimicrobial Coatings Market Size, Share & Industry Analysis, By Type (Metallic {Silver, Copper, and Others}, and Non-metallic {Polymeric, and Others}), By Application (Medical & Healthcare, Indoor Air / HVAC, Mold Remediation, Building & Construction, Food & Beverage, Textile, and Others), and Regional Forecast, 2020-2027” the market size stood at USD 3,690.0 Million in 2

Hot Melt Adhesives Market is Projected to Show Profitable Expansions Over the forecast period 2022 to 2027 Along with COVID 19 Impacthttps://www.fortunebusines...
The global hot melt adhesives industry size is expected to reach USD 9,702.2 million by 2027, exhibiting a CAGR of 5.3% during the forecast period. The growing need for advanced products coupled with favorable government policies are factors expected to aid expansion of the global market, states Fortune Business Insights, in a report, titled “Hot Melt Adhesives Market Size, Share & COVID-19 Impact Analysis, By Raw Material (Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA), Polyolefin, Styrenic Block Copolymers (SBC), Polyurethane (PU), Polyester, and Others), By Application (Packaging, Assembly, Woodworking, Transportation, Building & Construction, Footwear & Leather, Nonwovens, Bookbinding, and Others), and Regional Forecast, 2020-2027.” The market size stood at USD 6,745.2 million in

Space Tourism Market Demand and SWOT Analysis 2019-2028 | Size, Share Growth, Trends, Development, Revenue, Future Growth, Business Prospectshttps://www.businessresear...
The global Space Tourism Market size (2022-2027) research report represents a detailed overview of the current market situation and forecast till 2027. The study perhaps a perfect mixture of qualitative and quantitative information highlighting key market developments, challenges, competition industry face alongside gap analysis and new opportunities available and trend within the Space Tourism Market. Further, this report gives Keyword Market size, recent trends, growth, share, development status, government policy, market dynamics, cost structure, and competitive landscape. The research report also includes the present market and its growth potentials in the given period of forecast. An exhaustive and professional study of the global Space Tourism Market report

Metal Fiber Market Size, Share, Growth Dynamics, Demand and Industry Forecast by 2027https://www.fortunebusines...
The global metal fiber industry is set to gain momentum from its surging usage in various aircraft as a sound attenuation element. Nowadays, the increasing population in cities is, in turn, raising the volume of air traffic. Hence, the demand for silent aircraft is increasing to lower noise pollution and to control air traffic. Fortune Business Insights™ published this information in a new report, titled, “Metal Fiber Market Size, Share & COVID-19 Impact Analysis, By Product (Steel, Nickel, Copper, Aluminum, and Others), By Technology (Bundle Drawing, Foil Shaving, Machining, And Melt Spinning), By Application (ESD/EMI Protection, Filtration, Hot Glass Manipulation, Electrical Cables, Specialties, and Others), By End-Use (Textile, Automotive, Aerospace, Power & Electronics, and Others), and Regional Forecast, 2020-2027.” The report furt

Activated Carbon Market Regional Demand, Outlook, Segmentation, Growth, Research Report by 2029 https://www.fortunebusines...
The global activated carbon industry size is projected to reach USD 4,064.7 million by the end of 2027. Increasing product applications across diverse industry verticals have opened up a massive platform for market growth. According to a report published by Fortune Business Insights, the market was worth USD 2,856.7 million in 2019 and will exhibit a CAGR of 4.8% during the forecast period, 2019-2027.

Activated carbon is a crude form of graphite that has the ability to adsorb a wide range of components. The porous nature of the substance enables properties such as porosity and larger surface area. The material is said to have the highest volume of adsorbing porosity with a surface area of over 1000 square meter per gram. The ability of activated carbon to concentrate the liquid or gaseous molecules on a solid surface

Europe Glass Packaging Market 2021 Business Scenario | Top Players, Top Regions, SWOT, PESTEL by 2027https://www.fortunebusines...
The Europe glass packaging industry is likely to rise prominently in the coming years on account of the increasing use of glass bottles for packaging food and beverage products. Glass packaging is considered safe for consumers and has been used for food and beverage products for a long time. states that the value of this market was USD 19.24 billion in 2019 and will rise at a CAGR of 4.38% to reach USD 22.01 billion by the end of 2027.

Drivers & Restraints-

Growing Popularity of Bottled Beverages to Add Impetus to Market

The increasing demand for glass packaging from the food and beverage sector is a key factor boosting the Europe glass packaging market growth. Most of the alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages such as milk, beer, sauces, juices, and others are packed in glass containers and bottles

Caustic Soda Market | Size, Analysis, Development, Revenue, Future Growth, Business Prospects and Forecasts.https://www.fortunebusines...
The global caustic soda industry is set to gain momentum from its increasing usage as a water treatment chemical. It can absorb water and carbon dioxide and surge its pH level. The report further states that the market size was USD 44,959.2 million in 2019 and is projected to reach USD 55,557.7 million by 2027, exhibiting a CAGR of 3.1% during the forecast period.

What Does This Report Contain?

This report includes in-depth information associated with change in material usage, new product launches, and technological advancements. It provides market dynamics based on various factors, such as opportunities, challenges, drivers, hindrances, and dynamics. At the same time, it will deliver a complete insight from the supply side respondents related to market share, distribution, and size.

Drivers & Restraints

Bio-based Chemicals Market Booming Worldwide | Know The Latest Trends, Regional Analysis, Business Scope, and Top Key Playershttps://www.fortunebusines...

The global Bio-based chemicals industry size amounted to USD 73.16 billion in 2020. The market is predicted to grow from USD 77.10 billion in 2021 to USD 144.63 billion in 2028 at a CAGR of 9.4% during the forecast period. The increasing consumption of Bio-based solutions to ensure environmental sustainability will propel the market forward during the projected timeframe, states Fortune Business Insights in its report titled “Bio-based Chemicals Market, 2021-2028."

Bio-based chemicals are derived from Bio-based sources such as sugar, corn, biodegradable waste, cellulosic feedstock, or biomass. The demand for these chemicals is rising across several industries including food & beverage, pharmaceutical, automotive, textiles, and others. This rise in demand is due to depleting petroleum

North America Hot Melt Adhesives Market Top Leading Players with Strategies and Forecast 2029https://www.fortunebusines...
The North America hot melt adhesives industry size stood at USD 1.86 billion in 2021. The market is anticipated to surge from USD 1.98 billion in 2022 to USD 2.80 billion by 2029 at a 5.1% CAGR during the forecast period. Fortune Business Insights™ has elucidated these insights in its latest research report, titled, “North America Hot Melt Adhesives Market, 2022-2029.”

According to the analysis, hot melt adhesives (HMAs) will be highly sought-after for manufacturing solid materials based on thermal polymers. Prominently, expanding the packaging and construction sector will augur well for the regional growth. For instance, HMAs have become trendier to maintain storage space in the automotive sector amidst soaring demand for pressure-sensitive adhesives.

Report Coverage

The report offers a comprehensi

Pharmaceutical Glass Packaging Market Size, Share & Forecast 2027https://www.fortunebusines...
The global pharmaceutical glass packaging industry is set to gain momentum from the increasing development of new types of glasses owing to the high demand from the pharmaceutical industry. This information is given by Fortune Business Insights™ in a new study, titled, “Pharmaceutical Glass Packaging Market Size, Share & Industry Analysis, By Product (Vials & Ampoules, Bottles, Cartridges, and Syringes), By Drug Type (Generic, Branded, and Biologic), and Regional Forecast, 2020-2027.” The study further mentions that the pharmaceutical glass packaging market size was USD 6.31 billion in 2019 and is projected to reach USD 10.76 billion by 2027, exhibiting a CAGR of 6.3% during the forecast period.

How Did We Create This Report?

As customer expectations are changing, the aspirations of dealers are also transforming rapidly. Distributi

Acetone Market Size Report, Trend, COVID19 Impact, Industry Outlook, Derive Growth, Share, Revenuehttps://www.fortunebusines...
The global acetone industry is expected to gain momentum from the high demand for petrochemicals and chemicals from several end-use industries. This information is given by Fortune Business Insights™ in a new study, titled, “Acetone Market Size, Share & COVID-19 Impact Analysis, By Application (Solvent, Bisphenol A (BPA), Methyl Methacrylate (MMA), and Others), By End-use (Paints & Coatings, Plastic, Automotive, Adhesives, Pharmaceuticals, Cosmetics, Electrical & Electronics, and Others), and Regional Forecast, 2020-2027.” The study further mentions that the acetone market size was USD 3,962.0 million in 2019 and is projected to reach USD 4,995.3 million by 2027, exhibiting a CAGR of 3.7% during the forecast period.

COVID-19 Pandemic to Affect Growth Backed by Ongoing Crude Oil Price War

The COVID-19 pandemic has negative

Synthetic Rubber Market – 2021 Value Analysis, Size, Revenue, Growth Rate, Industry Overview by Top Key Companies by 2029https://www.fortunebusines...
The synthetic rubber industry size was pegged at USD 28.89 billion in 2021. The market is anticipated to rise from USD 29.86 billion in 2022 to USD 41.73 billion by 2029 at a 4.9% CAGR during the forecast period. Fortune Business Insights™ has elucidated these insights in its latest research report, titled, “Synthetic Rubber Market, 2022-2029.”

According to the study, artificial elastomer has gained an uptick following the need for high tensile strength, recyclability and resistance to abrasion and swelling. Growing investments in research & development activities and demand from construction, aerospace, and construction sectors will augur well for the business outlook. Industry players expect the ensuing period to provide promising growth opportunities with rising demand from the end-users.

Polymer Foam Market | 2019 Industry Analysis By Size, Growth, Share, Trends, Opportunities, Key Players, Business Insights, Competitive Landscape, Regional And Global Forecast To 2027https://www.fortunebusines...

The global polymer foam industry is projected to reach USD 157.63 billion by 2027, exhibiting a CAGR of 7.73% during the forecast period. Development of biodegradable polymeric foams will play a crucial role in expanding the scope of this market, observes Fortune Business Insights™ in its report, titled “Polymer Foam Market Size, Share & COVID-19 Impact Analysis, By Type (Polyurethane (PU), Polystyrene (PS), Polyethylene (PE), Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) and Others), By Application (Automotive, Building & Construction, Packaging, Furniture, Appliances, Apparel and Others), and Regional Forecast, 2020-2027”. This foam is created by dispersing gas into the polymer matrix and can take the form of expanded rubber, cellular ela